The Government of Pakistan is committed to enhancing agriculture productivity. It has initiated Prime Minister’s agriculture emergency program, which primarily focuses on, i) productivity enhancement of wheat, rice & sugarcane, ii) oilseeds enhancement program, iii) conserving water through the lining of watercourses, iv) enhancing command area of small and mini dams in pluvious areas, v) water conservation in rainy areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Getting benefit from such initiatives, proposing solutions to these and upcoming projects, and finding and materializing new and innovative ideas is the key objective of establishing a smart agriculture laboratory.
After the green revolution, in which technology transfer in the agriculture sector started to begin (the 1950s and 1960s), the agriculture sector’s new methods and methodologies increased crop productivity and high yield production, specifically in the developing world. Moreover, due to advancements in the IT sector, there have been significant developments in other industries. Agriculture is one of them that witnessed the direct impact of AI and the IoT. This laboratory aims to provide customized solutions to local farmers using precision agriculture, smart irrigation, drone technology, predictive analysis, insect monitoring, advisory services, hydroponics farming, and robots to improve the agriculture production landscape. Further, this laboratory will also focus on monitoring irrigation canals and suggesting new link canals using AI-based models in collaboration with the smart city and urban planning laboratory.